Some of the information about these deities came directly from artwork and images found in association with the ancient Olmec culture. Others were recorded in Aztec or Mayan cultural records in reference to their neighbours’ beliefs. Instead of specific names, they are generally referred to with descriptions as the water god, banded-eye god, maize god, were-jaguar, Olmec dragon, bird monster, fish monster, and feathered serpent.
Vague ideas about the dragon's mouth symbolized by cave entrances and footprints of what could have been temples give only limited information to go on when historians focus specifically on the Olmec. The overall Mesoamerican group shared most belief systems with only a few deviations, however.